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Mark Twain Forum <[log in to unmask]>
Mary Leah Christmas <[log in to unmask]>
Mon, 18 Sep 2000 11:04:00 -0400
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Mary Leah Christmas <[log in to unmask]>
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Leckey, Andrew.  _The Lack of Money is the Root of All Evil:  Mark Twain's
Timeless Wisdom on Money, Wealth, and Investing_.  Paramus, NJ: Prentice
Hall Press, 1999.  Pp. 256.  Cloth, 5 1/4 x 8 1/2.  $22.00.  ISBN

NOTE:  The review copy is a paperbound "Advance Reading Copy," from
uncorrected proofs, of 210 pages.  Publication is scheduled for January

This book and many any others are available at discounted prices from the
TwainWeb Bookstore, and purchases from this site generate commissions that
benefit the Mark Twain Project.  Please visit

Reviewed for the Mark Twain Forum by:
Mary Leah Christmas

Copyright (c) 2000 Mark Twain Forum.  This review may not be published or
redistributed in any medium without permission.

First the good news, then the bad news.  Or, to couch it in stock-market
terms, first the bullishness, then the bearishness.  Reviewing a book
printed from uncorrected proofs can be a tricky thing.  However,
typographical glitches can be separated from considerations of overall
content.  Production problems aside, Andrew Leckey's _The Lack of Money is
the Root of All Evil: Mark Twain's Timeless Wisdom on Money, Wealth, and
Investing_ contains some useful information for the beginning investor, but
for the die-hard Twain buff it doesn't quite hit the mark.

Thematically, this volume fits nicely into Prentice Hall's series of
business books based on historical figures, such as _Elizabeth I, CEO:
Strategic Lessons From the Leader Who Built an Empire_ (Axelrod) and
_Cigars, Whiskey & Winning: Leadership Lessons from General Ulysses S.
Grant_ (Kaltman).  The latter, one muses, could easily have been a
Grant/Twain collaboration a la _The Gilded Age_.  This reviewer grins at the
thought of the two of them passing such a manuscript back and forth.  But
let us return to the project at hand.

The title of Andrew Leckey's book is somewhat misleading.  The book is not a
compilation of Twain quotations, and neither is it a blow-by-blow commentary
on the financial aspects of Twain's life.  Rather, the book consists of
Leckey's wisdom on money and investing embroidered with threads from Mark
Twain's life and writings.

Anyone who regularly reads _The Wall Street Journal_ or follows "Nightly
Business Report," "Wall Street Week With Louis Rukeyser," or Leckey's own
programs and columns, will probably not find any revelations here.  For a
new investor, the book would make good, general reading.  For those studious
investors who have already gone around the block once or twice, the book at
least is confirmation that one is on the right track.

Andrew Leckey's credentials are considerable:  CNBC financial anchor,
syndicated columnist, and author.  The National Association of Investors
Corporation awarded him its Distinguished Service Award in Investment
Education.  As an interesting aside, it is noted on the back cover that
Leckey is a teaching fellow in business journalism at the Graduate School of
Journalism at UC Berkeley.

Investment guides are Leckey's stock-in-trade, so he is accustomed to
thinking and writing in concise bullet points.  The titles of two previous
books, _The 20 Hottest Investments for the 21st Century_ and _Global
Investing 2000:  A Guide to the 50 Best Stocks in the World_ are indicative
of this straight-to-the-point style.  He has done the same thing here,
enumerating, for instance, the top sector funds based on five-year
annualized returns.

Leckey is good at presenting material to those first venturing into the
hallowed halls of capitalism.  When it comes to Twain As Object Lesson, he
uses the same rudimentary approach.  As a result, the gleanings from Twain's
life seem to be an attempt to add color to an otherwise unadorned financial
reference book--which is not necessarily bad.

It should be noted that the foreword by John C. Bogle, founder and former
chairman of The Vanguard Group, was missing completely from the review copy,
as was the book's index.  Again, these fall into the category of production
problems to be corrected before final publication, but the material is
therefore not available for critique.

The preface by the esteemed Dr. Louis J. Budd provides a nice overview as
well as a couple of delightful witticisms about cats and the Sargasso Sea.
(Note:  That's "and," not "in.")  Also welcome are his mentions of the Mark
Twain Forum and Jim Zwick's resources.  By the time Dr. Budd
tosses in an apt word from that horrible German language, the Twain buff
settling in to read this book is already feeling right at home.

The feeling proves to be fleeting, however, as one proceeds.  Instead of a
cover-to-cover analysis of Mark Twain's finances, Leckey uses culled
quotations largely as pegs on which to hang his topical financial

As an investor and Twainiac whose husband is a former stockbroker and NAIC
member, this reviewer couldn't help but notice that Leckey missed some prime
opportunities to further the scope of his book.  For instance, this reviewer
kept expecting at every page-turn a discussion of real estate following from
John Clemens's Tennessee land holdings.  No mention of the land is ever
made.  When John Clemens was said in one chapter to have "died virtually
bankrupt," and in another that his "financial legacy...was unlucky as well,"
the reviewer sat up each time in anticipation, only to sink back into her
chair.  Even when Leckey touched on Donald Trump's "philosophy for real
estate success," another glimmer of hope faded into another page turn.

The 70,000 acres in Tennessee would have been a handy and sizeable
springboard for Leckey to address such a range of topics as:  land as an
investment, real estate investment trusts (REIT's) as a way to invest in
real estate via the stock market, renting versus owning, the home as an
investment, shopping for mortgage loans (comparing interest rates, discount
points, and fees), and extracting equity via a second mortgage.  But he

Another shoe that never dropped (or wasn't thrown, to use some Twainy
symbolism) is the issue of, shall we say, marrying well.  There is no
discussion of the ramifications of marrying into wealth or of adjusting to
same.  The marriage issue could also have launched a discussion of single
versus joint ownership of financial resources, estate planning, traditional
IRA's, Roth IRA's, spousal IRA's, and education IRA's--especially if, say,
one has a daughter planning to attend Bryn Mawr.

As for Mark Twain's own sources of investment advice, there are several
mentions of Henry Huttleston Rogers.  He was indeed a major force in Twain's
personal and financial life.  However, it is known that in the late 1880's
Mark Twain was receiving investment advice and brokerage services from Dean
Sage, a Yale classmate of Joseph Twichell's and a distant relation to
multi-millionaire Wall Street speculator Russell Sage.

Andrew Carnegie makes an appearance in Dr. Budd's preface, but nowhere else
in the book.  In not taking Dr. Budd's cue, Leckey robs himself of the
opportunity to delve into the world of philanthropy--everything from "in
kind" donations to foundations, endowments, and the like.

Apart from the missed opportunities, at times this reviewer had the feeling
that some taffy was being distributed.  This reviewer does not claim to have
encyclopedic Twain knowledge, but she chafed a little at reading of Twain's
"love for fine cigars" and his "fascination with the workings of precision
pocket watches."  Rightly or wrongly, all this reviewer could think of was
Twain buying cheap cigars by the barrel and braining errant timepieces
against bedposts.

Then there is the issue of deportment and Leckey's portrayal of "...Twain's
practice of wearing the right clothes...," of being "physically fit," and
that he "tried to stay trim."  It is well known that our subject smoked and
drank.  That he "hadn't extraordinary teeth" was divulged by his daughter.
The "right" clothes?  He of the sealskin getup, the hirsute portrait, and
the white suit?  The man who once shaved his head before an interview?  No,
Mark Twain's desire, as this reviewer recalls, was to be "the most
conspicuous creature on this planet," or words to that effect.  Orthodoxy is
not what gets one noticed.

Yet another comment is made about Mark Twain's appearance.  Leckey claims,
"Even today, his caricature with flowing white hair and full mustache can be
mistaken for no other individual."  As she read this, the reviewer again
heard the ghostly whisper of dissent in her ear.  He most certainly could be
mistaken for someone else, and has been.  Mark Twain quipped about twice
being mistaken for Theodor Mommsen.  "We have the same hair, but on
examination it was found the brains were different."  Nowadays, the average
kid off the street might easily confuse Mark Twain with yet another
wild-haired intellectual--that posthumous advertising icon, Albert Einstein.

Some chapters understandably include more Twain material than others, but at
times the treatment seems a little thin.  For instance, one chapter begins,
"A tale of switched identities at birth and the dire repercussions that
followed, _Pudd'nhead Wilson_ underscores the importance of keeping track of
everything."  The chapter blithely goes on to discuss general points about
keeping tabs on one's finances without any further reference to Our Hero.

The bibliography seems a bit limited as well.  For instance, _ Mark Twain,
Business Man_ (Webster), _Mark Twain's Letters to His Publishers_ (Hill),
and _Mark Twain's Correspondence with Henry Huttleston Rogers_ (Leary) do
not appear.

Of course, it is all too easy for the armchair critic to sit and recount
what a book lacks; but one cannot help but think this book would have been
much more effective if the author had done even further Twain research. When
Andrew Leckey teaches his business journalism course this semester at UC
Berkeley, he will be in the enviable position of having at his fingertips
the full resources of the Mark Twain Project.  There, he might find
inspiration enough for another book or two.

In the meantime, a word of advice from antiquity:  "The writing of many
books is endless," observed King Solomon.  There is only so much reading and
putting into practice that one can do.  No matter how much effort one
expends reading about investments, success can still be an elusive creature.

If all else fails, try to prove yourself the rightful Earl of Durham.