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Date: Mon, 1 Aug 2022 21:00:12 +0000
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Here's a bit of trivia: One of the first people to do serious research 
that fractured the "science" of racial distinctions was William Dean 
Howells's grandson, William W. Howells, who I knew. In his old age, his 
appearance and posture began to look more and more like his 

Mac Donnell Rare Books
9307 Glenlake Drive
Austin TX 78730

You can browse our books at:

------ Original Message ------
From: "Scott Holmes" <[log in to unmask]>
To: [log in to unmask]
Sent: 8/1/2022 2:37:43 PM
Subject: Racism, in general

>The so-called races that humans have been grouped into are cultural constructs and can not be reliably used to distinguish different ethnographic and/or cultural groups and definitely cannot be used to separate people into distinct biological groups.  Variations in melanin is notoriously variable throughout the world - not specific people of African descent.  Anyone that believes racial groupings are valid is a racist.  Sam Clemens was a racist, but as he got older the differences in the so-called racial distinctions became less important to him - except perhaps for a possible sense of guilt.  He most definitely maintained that Native Americans were an inferior peoples.
>Adventures of Huckleberry Finn remains my favorite all-time book.
>-- /Unaffiliated Geographer and Twain aficionado/