The most likely identification for the piece in question seems to be:

_The Pilgrim's Progress, 1620-1875_
by James Hammond Trumbull
Year: 1875
Description: 1 broadside. p., 21 in. x 11 in.
Geographic:United States -- History -- Humor, caricatures, etc.
Note(s): Ornamental border./ Humorous chronology of U.S. history.

Two copies currently owned by:

Connecticut Historical Society and Detroit Public Library.