a question for teachers in colleges and universities and people in publishing: --I cannot find anything in the Chicago Manual of Style or the MLA Style Guide (or through Google) that deals with the use of the n-word in written quotations from literature (in academic papers written by students). My position has always been that one quotes verbatim provided the quotation is essential to the argument. I am very uncomfortable with students using "n****r" (which they do) or using brackets or ellipsis to avoid typing out the word in a quotation from Twain or any other writer. I tell them that if they object to typing out the word in their papers, they may summarize the content of the quotation in their own words, but if the quotation is essential to what they are arguing, they need to type the passage as it actually appears in the text. A search for the subject online just shows articles and blogs and so on dealing with the use of the word in speech, but not in academic writing. I'm curious about how others deal with this. Barbara Barbara Ladd Professor of English Emory University Atlanta, Georgia 30322 tel: 404 727-7998 fax: 404 727-2605 Office hours: Mondays and Wednesdays 10-11 a.m.; and by appointment. ________________________________ This e-mail message (including any attachments) is for the sole use of the intended recipient(s) and may contain confidential and privileged information. If the reader of this message is not the intended recipient, you are hereby notified that any dissemination, distribution or copying of this message (including any attachments) is strictly prohibited. If you have received this message in error, please contact the sender by reply e-mail message and destroy all copies of the original message (including attachments).